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Antioch

Antioch (formerly, East Antioch, Smith’s Landing, and Marsh’s Landing) is a city in Contra Costa County, California. Located in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area along the San Joaquin-Sacramento River Delta, it is a suburb of San Francisco and Oakland. The city’s population was 102,372 at the U.S. 2010 census.

History
Antioch is one of the oldest towns in California, having been founded in 1850. The year following the discovery of gold, there was a plague that overtook the city and wiped out most of the population. The town was founded by two brothers, William and Joseph Smith, who named the town Smith’s Landing. In 1851, the town’s new minister persuaded the residents to change the name of the town to Antioch, for the Biblical city of Antioch, Turkey.

Around 1859, coal was discovered in several places in the hills south of Antioch and coal mining formed the first substantial business apart from farming and dairying by the inhabitants of this community. This new industry resulted in the founding of the towns of Nortonville, Somersville, Stewartsville, and Black Diamond (now Pittsburg, California), and added greatly to the economic activity of the Antioch area. The Empire Coal Company was formed by John C. Rouse and George Hawxhurst in 1876, which built a railroad that passed from Antioch toward the mines over what is now “F Street” (formerly Kimball Street). However, later on, both the mine and the railroad passed into the hands of the Belshaw brothers. The mines have long ago ceased operation, and the railroad tracks have been dug up, though the building that served as the Antioch terminus of the railroad still stands on the corner of F Street and Fourth Street, and the grading and trestles still remain much as they were in those early days.

In 1863, a great excitement arose over the discovery of copper ore near Antioch. Smelting works were built at Antioch, and a value of fifteen to twenty-five dollars per ton was paid for the ore, according to its quality. Unfortunately the copper bubble eventually burst, to the dismay of the citizens with connections. Petroleum was first drilled for near Antioch in 1865, but not enough oil was found to make a decent profit.

The Antioch Post Office was opened in 1851, closed in 1852, re-opened in 1855, closed again in 1862, and it has operated continuously since re-opening in 1863.[3] The city of Antioch was incorporated in 1872.[3]

The Antioch Ledger was first issued on March 10, 1870, and in all its forty-seven years never missed an issue. In memory of when the paper was formed, a copy of its first issue has been framed and hangs over the desk of the present editor. It is five by eight inches in size, printed on one side only, and its sole news item is a report and editorial comment on women’s suffrage meeting that had just been held in the town. The Ledger later merged with the Contra Costa Times and printed its last issue in 2005.[5]

Today, Antioch is mainly a “bedroom” community, with most adults working in larger cities toward Oakland and San Francisco. The town has seen an enormous amount of growth in the last 30 years, as the population of the Bay Area continues to grow, and real estate prices force families to move towards the outskirts of the Bay Area.

Since the real estate crash in late 2007, Antioch’s foreclosure rates often are among the nation’s highest.

The city has a municipal marina along with other private marinas, boatyards, and yacht clubs. There is a public fishing pier in town, and another out near the Antioch Bridge.
There is also fishing in the San Joaquin River along the Antioch/Oakley Regional Shoreline, located just upstream from Highway 160’s Antioch Bridge (also known as Nejedly Bridge).

Geography
Antioch is located at 38°00′18″N 121°48′21″W38.005°N 121.80583°W,[13] along the San Joaquin River at the western end of the San Joaquin-Sacramento River Delta.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles (75.3 km²), of which, 28.3 square miles (73.4 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (2.52%) is water.

Open space and wildlife
Sunset over Mt. Diablo as seen from Antioch

Parks and trails
According to the Public Works Department of Antioch, Antioch is home to 31 parks covering a total of 310 acres (1.3 km²) with an additional 600 acres (2.4 km²) of city-owned open space. It also has 11 miles (18 km) of walking paths connecting communities to parks and schools.
Regional Parks

Within its boundaries it has Contra Loma Regional Park, the Antioch/Oakley Regional Shoreline and Black Diamond Mines Regional Park, and the Mokelumne Coast to Crest Trail and Delta de Anza Regional Trail. According to the East Bay Regional Parks District, these three parks take up 6,493 acres (26.3 km²); approximately 38% of Antioch’s total land mass.
Just outside Antioch’s city limit is the 2,024 acre (8.2 km²) Round Valley Regional Preserve.

National Protected Land
Established in 1980, Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge was the first national wildlife refuge in the country established for the purpose of protecting endangered plants and insects. It is located on the south shore of the San Joaquin River in Antioch.

Demographics
Historical populations
Census Pop. %±
1870
700 —
1880
626 −10.6%
1890
635 1.4%
1900
674 6.1%
1910
1,124 66.8%
1920
1,936 72.2%
1930
3,563 84.0%
1940
5,106 43.3%
1950
11,051 116.4%
1960
17,035 54.1%
1970
28,060 64.7%
1980
43,559 55.2%
1990
62,195 42.8%
2000
90,532 45.6%
2010
102,372 13.1%

2010
The 2010 United States Census reported that Antioch had a population of 102,372.

2000
As of the census of 2000, there were 90,532 people residing in the city.

Economy
Top employers

According to the City’s 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

  1. Kaiser Permanente – 2,070
  2. Antioch Unified School District – 1,786
  3. Sutter Delta Medical Center

891
4 Contra Costa County Social Services
427
5 Wal-Mart
318
6 City of Antioch 308
7 Target
257
8 Antioch Auto Center 221
9 Costco
207
10 Macy’s
130

Transportation
Antioch is served by both the Antioch-Pittsburg Amtrak station, and access to Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is available at the Pittsburg/Bay Point Station in Pittsburg. Although public transportation agency Tri-Delta Transit is the predominant provider of public transportation in the Antioch area, County Connection bus #930 also serves Antioch going to John Muir Medical Center, Mitchell Park n’ Ride, Railroad Castlewood, Delta Fair Sommersville and Hillcrest Park ‘n Ride.

Commercial airports serving this area are:

  • Oakland International Airport
  • San Francisco International Airport
  • San Jose International Airport
  • Sacramento International Airport
  • Stockton Metropolitan Airport

Other nearby airports serving private aircraft are:

  • Byron Airport
  • Livermore Municipal Airport
  • Buchanan Field Airport

Arts, Culture and Science

El Campanil Theatre
The historic El Campanil Theatre opened on November 1, 1928 in downtown Antioch. It now presents a wide variety of entertainment opportunities including Classic Films, Live Theatre, Concerts, Symphony, Ballet, Comedy and is host to numerous local dance and community based organizations such as the Antioch Rivertown Theatre Group.

Arts and Cultural Foundation of Antioch.
The Arts & Cultural Foundation of Antioch organizes education in graphic arts, sculpture, pottery, and performance arts for various age groups. It also hosts the Saturday Summer Concert Series, Delta Blues Festival, Holiday De Lights along with other community events.

Antioch Historical Society Museum
Run by the Antioch Historical Society, the museum is located in the Riverview Union High School. This high school was the first high school constructed in Contra Costa County. It houses moving historical exhibits and offers tours of the grounds.

Lynn House Gallery
The Lynn House Gallery houses exhibits throughout the year, with an emphasis on providing opportunities for local artists.

Rivertown Art Center
Rivertown Art Center is housed in a historic bank building built in 1923. It is administered by the Arts & Cultural Foundation of Antioch and was created to allow local artists additional opportunities to exhibit their art and to conduct art classes.

ESPACE Academy
The ESPACE Academy is located within Deer Valley High School and includes a planetarium.

Government

Public safety
The city is protected by the Antioch Fire Department and the Antioch Police Department.

Education
Public schools are run by the Antioch Unified School District, which consists of three high schools, four middle schools, and numerous elementary schools. The four high schools are Antioch High School, Deer Valley High School, Dozier-Libbey Medical High School and Delta Academy for the Performing Arts. The four middle schools are Antioch Middle School, Park Middle School, Black Diamond Middle School, and Dallas Ranch Middle School. All schools in the district follow a single track schedule, where school begins in late August or early September and concludes in June.
The private schools are primarily religious. The private high schools are: Heritage Baptist Academy (K-12), Delta Christian High School, Cornerstone Christian Academy, and Promised Land Christian High School. The private primary and middle schools are: Cornerstone Christian Academy, Holy Rosary Elementary School, Hilltop Christian School, Kinder Care Learning Center, Antioch Christian School, Golden Hills Christian School, and Great Beginnings Elementary School.

Antioch is also home to Western Career College, located on Lone Tree Way. Also Antioch has one school for CPR and First Aid Training, Event First Aid & Safety Services located at 201 G Street, 2nd and G streets.

Public libraries
The Antioch Library of the Contra Costa County Library is located in Antioch, across the street from Anitoch Middle School

Media
Antioch, CA is served by the Antioch Press, published by Brentwood Press & Publishing Corporation. Antioch Press is a weekly newspaper that is published every Friday. The current circulation is just over 4,000.

Oakley

The population was 35,432 at the 2010 U.S. Census. Oakley is part of the East Contra Costa Bicycle Plan, which has existing facilities in Oakley as well as plans for further expansion.

Geography and environment
The Oakley areas offers access to the Delta de Anza Regional Trail. According to reports provided by CNN Oakley experiences 21.16 inches of annual rainfall with high temperature in July of 96.0 F and low temperature in January of 40.0 F. Oakley experiences 52% clear days throughout the year.
The City of Oakley is located in the eastern region of Contra Costa County and is within the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area. Oakley’s west border is situated at the intersection of Highway 4 and Highway 160, which provide access to San Francisco, San Jose, Sacramento, and the Central Valley. To the south is the city of Brentwood and to the east is the Central Valley. Oakley is a Delta community with the San Joaquin River on the northern border. The southwestern skyline is dominated by Mt. Diablo.

This isolated 3,849 feet peak is visible from most of the San Francisco Bay Area and much of northern California.

Boundaries
Prior to 1963, creating a new city in California only required a petition, a public hearing (where 51 percent of the landowners could approve the desire to incorporate) and an election. During the 1950s over 50 new cities incorporated, and in Los Angeles County alone, 10 new cities incorporated in 1957. Interestingly, no thought was given as to how or who would pay the costs for the necessary services needed to sustain a city. Fire, police, water and sanitation services were often provided by a number of different and overlapping entities.

In an effort to gain control over this kluge of overlapping services and control the proliferation of incorporations, Governor Edmund G Brown, Sr. created the Commission on Metropolitan Area Problems, in 1959. The Commission was given the task of studying and making recommendations on the “misuse of land resources” and the growing complexity of overlapping local government jurisdictions.
The Knox-Nisbit Act of 1963 contained the Commission’s recommendations on local government reorganization resulting in the creation of the Local Agency Formation Commission or LAFCO, operating in every county. Additional powers were given to LAFCO in the District Reorganization Act of 1965, the Municipal Organization Act of 1977, the Cortese-Knox Local Government Reorganization Act 1985 and the Cortese-Knox-Hertz Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000.

One of the services mandated to LAFCO was to create a Municipal Service Reviews (MSRs) of all local agencies. An MSR is a comprehensive study designed to better inform LAFCO, local agencies, and the community about the provision of municipal services. Service reviews capture and analyze information about the governance structures and efficiencies of service providers and identify opportunities for greater coordination and cooperation between providers.

The last MSR for Oakley was created in 2008 and can be found here

Government
The City of Oakley is a General-Law City, as opposed to a Charter City, formed under State legislative statutes and governed by a body of laws in the State Constitution. As of July 1, 2008, there are 479 cities in California, 372 general law cities and 107 charter cities. Of the 19 cities in Contra Costa County, Richmond and San Ramon are the only cities with a charter. Only 147 of the cities in California elevate the position of mayor to a public electable position. In Contra Costa County, Antioch, Brentwood, Martinez, San Ramon and Richmond are the only cities that have chosen this route.
Oakley operates under a council-manager form of government. It was developed in an effort to avoid the corruption and inefficiency surfacing, at that time, in some eastern cities in the latter part of the nineteenth century. It has proved to be the most successful and popular model of local government in most communities across the United States. It currently represents over 100 million citizens in over 2,500 cities in the U.S.

 

The Oakley City Council consists of five non-partisan council members elected “at large” for staggered four-year terms each. Oakley’s City Council (as well as those council members from the other 19 cities) are considered part-time because, aside from being council members they have full-time jobs. This part-time nature of the council opens up opportunities for ordinary citizens who are working in the private sector to participate.

Annually, at the first Council meeting in December, the Mayor is selected by a majority of the City Council from among currently serving Council Members. At this time a Vice Mayor is also selected. This is the standard method among general law cities. Cal. Govt. Code § 36801: “The city council shall . . . choose one of its number as mayor, and one of its number as mayor pro tempore.” However, a general law city is permitted to have a mayor that is directly elected by the voters, if certain procedures are followed.

Oakley’s mayor presides at council meetings, appoints council members to various internal and external committees, attends community events as the council’s representative, and performs other ministerial duties. The vice mayor presides in the mayor’s absence. California’s Constitution establishes that every council member, including the Mayor has only one vote. Even a directly elected Mayor can only have one vote.

History
The name Oakley is of Old English origin and its meaning is “meadow of oak trees.” This aptly describes the area when first settled and to some extent even today. However, if not for the flip of a card and cribbage board the community may have been named Dewey. Instead of the Oak Leaf logo it may have been a dew drop. City founder Randolph Marsh wanted to name the city Dewey, after Admiral Dewey. Mr. Marsh was impressed with the exploits of Admiral Dewey at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. His friend J.T. Whitman preferred the name “Oakley” because the terrain was largely meadows and oaks. To determine which name would prevail they battled it out over a game of cribbage. Marsh may have lost the game and the right to name the city but he ensured his immortality by choosing downtown street names whose first initials spelled “Marsh” — Main, Acme, Ruby, Star and Home.

Oakley’s first post office was established in 1898, and Oakley only became an incorporated city a full 101 years later, in 1999.

The city’s motto is, “A Place for Families in the Heart of the Delta.”

Police Services
Oakley currently contracts with the Contra Costa County Sheriff’s Office for police services, which include personnel, forensics labs, dispatch, evidence inventory, SWAT team and helicopters. The officers patrolling the streets are actually members of the Sheriff’s office wearing Oakley uniforms and driving Oakley Police cars. There are 28 full time sworn personnel (1 Chief, 5 Sergeants, 14 patrol officers, 2 traffic officers, 2 Problem Oriented Policing officers, 1 K-9 officer, 1 School Resource officer and 2 detectives). We operate with an approximate .8 officers per 1000 residents. The goal is 1.1 per 1000. There are also 2.5 non-sworn personnel assigned to the Police Department. Over the last three years we have added 9 officers to Oakley’s Police Department. For our small community this growth has been unprecedented.

Traffic enforcement is the primary responsibility of all patrol officers. With the addition of two motorcycles to our mobile fleet we have two officers specifically assigned to traffic enforcement. Juvenile matters are handled by a full time School Resource officer. Major felony investigation, excluding narcotics, sexual assault and homicide cases which are handled by the Sheriffs investigations unit, are handled by Oakley detectives.

Major accident investigations in Oakley are handled by our IMPACT team which is made up of traffic investigators from Oakley, San Ramon, Danville, Lafayette, Orinda, Moraga and the Sheriff’s Office. CHP handles collisions in the unincorporated area and major crashes involving police vehicles. The Sheriff’s Office rotates in as “mutual aid” when we have a major incident. This happens fairly often because of the proximity of the Sheriff’s Delta Station on O’Hara. We have also had Antioch and Brentwood in on various mutual aid incidents, but that has been rare.

Through some reorganization done in the last couple of years, funding has been made available for additional personnel at the Police Department. Two of these positions now make up the City’s “Problem Oriented Policing” (POP) team. POP Officers generally do not have “beat” responsibilities (i.e. they are not responsible for handling routine calls for service). This frees them to address other quality of life issues within the City. POP Officers will generally be assigned things like homes where drug dealing is suspected, chronic locations of parties, searching for wanted suspects, and addressing neighborhoods where the police department receives an inordinate number of calls for service. Working in partnership with other City Departments and law enforcement agencies and using both traditional and non-traditional law enforcement techniques, the goal is to mitigate these types of neighborhood problems and find long term solutions. The non-emergency dispatch number for the Police Department is 625-8855.

The cost of police services is basically the cost of an officer charged by the Sheriff’s Office. Revenues to pay for police services are paid primarily from the General Fund. Funding for police services consumes over half of our General Fund. To ensure that our department continues to grow, without raising additional fees or taxes, we need a vibrant commercial/retail environment. Revenues from sales tax currently sit at about 8% of the General Fund. It should be between 30% and 50%.

Demographics

2010
The 2010 United States Census reported that Oakley had a population of 35,432.

2006
As of the 2006 demographics report produced by the City of Oakley[9] there were 33,250 people and 10,523 households residing in the City.

Education
With 99.6%, nearly all students living within the City of Oakley are attending a public or private school located within City limits. The City is mainly served by Oakley Union Elementary School District (K-8) and the Liberty Union High School District.

Elementary schools

  • Oakley Elementary School
  • Gehringer Elementary School
  • Laurel Elementary School
  • Vintage Parkway Elementary School
  • Iron House Elementary School
  • Orchard Park School (Educated K-6 and adding 1 new grade each school year until the school reaches K-8.) (Antioch Unified School District)
    Almond Grove Elementary School has been constructed on Carpenter Road between Brown and Empire. However, due to the downturn in the housing market, the OUESD board of trustees has decided to postpone the opening of Almond Grove and shall reconsider opening the school in the spring of 2009.

Middle schools

  • O’Hara Park Middle School
  • Delta Vista Middle School
  • Orchard Park School (Educated K-6 and adding 1 new grade each school year until the school reaches K-8.)
  • A third middle school is proposed for the area along the south side of Brownstone Road. If the project ensues, it is proposed to be named R.C. Marsh Middle School.

High schools

  • Freedom High School

Public libraries
The Oakley Library of the Contra Costa County Library is located in Oakley.[10]

Discovery Bay & Byron

Discovery Bay is based on a waterfront community of 3,500+ homes with private docks with access to the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. Now Discovery Bay has grown and added Discovery Bay West which features gated and non-gated “off-water” communities with homes from 1,400 square feet (130 m2) up to 4,700 square feet (440 m2). As of 2010, its population was 13,352.

In July 2007, Discovery Bay celebrated its maturity into its own community by changing the ZIP code from 94514 (which it shared with the neighboring community of Byron) to 94505. A huge town celebration ensued with a world record-setting paddle boat raft-up.

Geography
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18.2 km²), of which, 6.2 square miles (16.1 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it (11.7%) is water.

Demographics

2010
The 2010 United States Census reported that Discovery Bay had a population of 13,352.

2000
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,981 people residing in Discovery Bay.

Education
Schools in Discovery Bay are in the Byron Union School District. There are two K-6 schools in the district: Discovery Bay Elementary in old Discovery Bay and Timber Point Elementary in Discovery Bay West. Excelsior Middle School in Byron is the district’s sole 6-8 school. It was a California Distinguished School in early 2004. High School students (9-12) attend Liberty High School in the Liberty Union High School District located in nearby Brentwood. There are future plans for an as now unnamed Fifth High School on the south side of Highway 4.

Byron – Geography
According to the United States Census Bureau, Byron has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²), all of it land. It is located 5.5 miles (9 km) southeast of Brentwood.[2]

History
Byron’s first post office opened in 1878.[2] Byron is named for an employee of the railroad.[2]

Demographics

2010
The 2010 United States Census reported that Byron had a population of 1,277.
2000
As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 916 people.

Byron Hot Springs
Byron, California is also home to the somewhat well-known and historical Byron Hot Springs, a now-abandoned resort that was a retreat that attracted many movie stars and famous athletes in the early 1900s. The first hotel was built in 1889 and was a three-story wood building, with a few cottages scattered nearby, as well as a laundry, gas plant and ice plant, all of which were destroyed by fire on July 25, 1901. A second hotel, also three stories, but made of stucco was constructed 1901-1902, but it burned on July 18, 1912. The third and final hotel, a four-story brick structure was built in 1913 and still stands.

In 1938 the resort closed, after a series of lawsuits that were probably brought about by the Great Depression, but was leased by the government in 1941 and became a military interrogation camp housing both German and Japanese prisoners of war, known as Camp Tracy, until 1945, when orders were sent to dismantle it. Additional information about its usage during WWII can be found in the book, The History of Camp Tracy: Japanese WWII POWs and the Future of Strategic Interrogation.

In 1947 the Byron Hot Springs property was put up for sale and purchased by the Greek Orthodox Church for a sum of $105,000. It served as the Monastery St. Paul for several years. It then changed hands several times both as a resort, country club and private residence. It is currently privately owned by a developer who hoped to begin restoring the resort in early 2009, but the property is now in a state of disrepair.[5] Plans for the restoration of Byron Hot Springs are outlined at byronhotsprings.com. In 2005, a Victorian-era carriage house on the property was burned to the ground. The hotel itself sustained some fire damage, but still stands.[6]

Byron Hot Springs is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-southeast of Byron.[2] A post office operated at Byron Hot Springs from 1889 to 1930.[2]

Transportation

Byron Airport
In 1993 Contra Costa County broke ground on a new airport two miles (3 km) south of Byron. On October 8, 1994, Byron Airport was dedicated. The new airport has 1,307 acres (5.29 km2) of land. 814 acres (3.29 km2) are reserved for Habitat Management Land for the San Joaquin Kit Fox, a federally listed endangered species, as well as many other endangered and special status species. The airport is also the home airport of the Patriots Jet Team[7]

Bus
There is limited bus service to Byron by Tri-Delta Transit’s route 386, that connects the community and Discovery Bay with the Brentwood Park and Ride Lot where passengers may transfer to buses connecting to other cities in the region in addition to Pittsburg/Bay Point (BART station) and Brentwood Dimes-A-Ride transit.[8]

 

Brentwood

BRENTWOOD is located in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It is in East Contra Costa County, California in the United States about 60 miles (97 km) almost due east from San Francisco.The population is 51,481 as of 2010. Brentwood began as a farming community in the late 19th Century, and still is known throughout the Bay Area for its agricultural products, primarily its cherries, corn and peaches. Many of the old farms and orchards have been replaced by suburban developments since 1990. Brentwood is increasingly residential, with the rate of population growth in the triple digits during the 1990s and 69% from 2000 through 2005.

History
Brentwood was originally laid out on land donated from property owned by John Marsh, an East Contra Costa County pioneer who acquired Rancho Los Meganos, the land grant that Brentwood is built upon, in 1837 from Jose Noriega. Brentwood was named after Marsh’s ancestral home, the town of Brentwood in the County of Essex, England.

Brentwood’s first post office was established in 1878. The city incorporated in 1948.

Balfour, Guthrie & Co., a British investment company, purchased the John Marsh ranch in 1910.The company invested heavily in other California agricultural properties as well. In 1910, it built the Brentwood Hotel at Oak Street and Brentwood Boulevard, across from the railroad station. This replaced an earlier hotel on the same site that had burned down in 1903. The hotel was razed in 1967, and replaced by a service station.

Original Brentwood water tower
The Brentwood water tower perhaps symbolizes the city’s transition from a rural farm community to a modern bedroom community. This landmark on Walnut Street, across the street from the Brentwood Park and Ride lot, is the tallest structure in the city. It is no longer used for its original purpose, but now serves as a cell phone tower. City water is stored in large tanks atop hills outside the city.
During the 1990s, a great deal of retail stores were built along the Brentwood/Antioch borderon Lone Tree Way at the SR 4 Bypass, about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from downtown Brentwood.This includes major tenants such as Kohl’s, Trader Joe’s, Home Depot, Lowes. Slatten Ranch Shopping Center, actually on the Antioch side of Lone Tree Way, includes Target, Sport Chalet and Barnes & Noble. J. C. Penney opened its Slatten Ranch store in March 2008.

The Streets of Brentwood, an outdoor lifestyle retail center, opened in Brentwood in the Fall of 2008. The Streets of Brentwood’s upscale shops include Banana Republic, Coldwater Creek, DSW Shoes, Jos. A. Bank, REI, Swarovski, Victoria’s Secret, and White House/Black Market. The only all-digital Rave Motion Pictures in the San Francisco Bay Area is located in the Streets of Brentwood. Dining establishments found in Streets of Brentwood include Bangkok 101, Mel’s Diner, Grazie! Grill, Code Brew Coffee, Salad Makers, BJ’s Brewhouse and Red Robin. A short drive on the Hwy4 Bypass south of Streets of Brentwood is the elegant Vic Stewart’s Steakhouse which had originally started with a location in Walnut Creek.

The city broke ground for a new civic center in November, 2009. The Mission-style architectural inspiration for City Hall, the main building, was the 1910 Brentwood Hotel. Other facilities will include a parking garage and a community center.

Geography
As shown by the view from Mount Diablo, Brentwood is located on the alluvial plain of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. In this picture, Brentwood is in the center right and the city of Antioch is in the center left. North Peak, appears in the foreground between the two cities and largely hides the city of Oakley.

Brentwood has a total area of 14.81 sq mi (38.4 km2), of which 14.79 sq mi (38.3 km2) is land and 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2) or 0.13% is water. The landscape on the west is marked by rolling hills, native grasses, oak trees, fruit orchards, and vineyards, with a number of public golf courses.

Education

Public schools
Brentwood’s public education system has about 7 elementary, 3 middle, and 3 high schools.The city is served by the Brentwood Union School District, Knightsen School District and the Liberty Union High School District. The Brentwood Union School District runs on a modified traditional school calendar. The Brentwood Union School District has many California Distinguished Schools. Heritage High School includes a full range of Advanced Placement courses and the highest API score in the area, stellar performing arts programs, and championship athletic teams.

Los Medanos College operates a satellite facility at Sand Creek Road and Brentwood Blvd. (Highway 4).
Brentwood was one of 118 cities designated by KaBOOM! as a Playful City USA for 2010 -with only 10 in California and only Brentwood, Redwood City and San Francisco in Northern California. Each community selected demonstrated creative commitments to the cause of play and fitness. Brentwood was selected for a variety of reasons, including that fact that it offers the community its Wellness Policy, a community-wide aspirational goal which promotes physical activity and education as the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle. Brentwood has 58 parks within nearly 12 square miles (31 km2), and miles of jogging trails, to support healthy lifestyles.

Public libraries
The Brentwood branch of the Contra Costa County Library is located on Second Street inBrentwood, across from the Civic Center (currently under construction).[8]

Demographics

2010
The 2010 United States Census reported that Brentwood had a population of 51,481.

Economy
Agriculture remains important to the local economy, but has declined in relative importanceas the city has become more suburban. Local wineries including Bloomfield, Tamayo, and Hannah Nicole have gained in sales and prestige after winning numerous medals in recent years at the San Francisco Chronicle Wine Competition and the California State Fair. There is no heavy industry and only a small light industrial area in the northeastern part of the city. Brentwood underwent a strong economic boom from 2000 through 2008. Population expanded from 23,302 in 2000 to about 48,000 in 2006, a higher growth rate than other communities in the Bay Area. The boom stalled in 2009, paralleling the economic crisis that affected all of California, but successful new home subdivisions, including a gated community (Carmel Estates), appeared again in 2010. Within an active adult community (Trilogy at the Vineyards), Club Los Meganos opened in 2010 with 34,000 square feet of athletic club, pool and cabanas, gourmet studio, spa, tennis courts, and events center.

Top Employers
According to the City’s 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in thecity are:

  • Brentwood Union School District
  • Liberty Union High School District
  • City of Brentwood
  • Precision Cabinets
  • Safeway
  • WinCo Foods
  • The Home Depot
  • Kohl’s
  • Raley’s
  • Best Buy

Transportation

Highway
Public transportation is very limited, so the main roads leading into the city are very congested with commuter traffic. No freeways served Brentwood directly, until February 2008, when the John Marsh Heritage Highway (also known as the California State Route 4 Bypass orBypass Road) was built to connect the city’s main roads directly with State Route 4 in Antioch. As of mid-2010, the freeway portion of Bypass Road ends at the Lone Tree Way Exit. The bypass continues as a two-lane highway to its intersection with Marsh Creek Road and the end of Vasco Road, an unnumbered highway that is the main route to Livermore, Interstate 580,and the Silicon Valley. In 2011, Vasco Road is undergoing further construction/improvement to reduce the driving time between Brentwood and Livermore. Highway 4 is currently undergoing multi-million dollar improvements that are scheduled to add lanes through Antioch and Pittsburg by 2015 in order to reduce the driving time between Brentwood and Concord/WalnutCreek.

Bus service
Local bus service is provided by Tri Delta Transit company. This company also operates express bus service to the Pittsburg/Bay Point and the Pleasanton/Dublin BART rail stations Mondaythrough Friday, several a day, and only in the predominant commute direction. It takes about one hour to reach Pittsburg/Bay Point BART from the Brentwood Park & Ride lot on WalnutStreet.

Rail
There is no passenger rail service to Brentwood. The nearest Altamont Commuter Express train station is in Livermore. The nearest Amtrak station is in Antioch, CA.
There is a freight-only rail line that passes through Brentwood, which is owned by Union Pacific Railroad. However, the line has been inactive since the early 1990s. Union Pacific Railroad does have plans to reactivate this line sometime in the future.

Agriculture-related attractions
The Brentwood “Cornfest” occurs one weekend in July each year, culminating in aconcert. Past performers include Eddie Money, Eric Burdon and The Fixx.
Numerous local farms operate produce stands or offer “U-Pick” opportunities.

A farmer’s market is held on First Street in downtown Brentwood on Saturday mornings from May through October.
Hannah Nicole Vineyards including tasting room.

Points of interest

  • East Contra Costa Historical Society and Museum East of Brentwood on Sellers Road.
  • John Marsh House Currently not open to the public.
  • Los Vaqueros Reservoir [1]
  • Marsh Creek Trail [2]
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta

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Contact Us

  • Sharp Realty
  • 320 Fairview Ave.
  • Brentwood CA 94513
  • P: 925.240.6683
  • F: 925.524.2302
  • E: info@SharpHomesOnline.com
  • DRE# 01858431